Recibido el diploma por haber participado en el "Dia de la Cosmonautica"
Yuri Gagarin - the first human in
outer space. On 12th of April 1961 he made a first orbital spaceflight around
the Earth in space-vehicle Vostok. Making a single lap took him 108 minutes.
To commemorate this event, Cosmonautics Day is celebrated.
Crew of the
space mission: John Young and Robert Crippen. First flight of the Space
Shuttle Columbia began on 12th of April 1981, what is 20 years after first
human spaceflight. NASA's space-shuttles were used for next 30 years. In July
2011 Christopher Ferguson, Douglas Hurley, Sandra Magnus i Rex Walheim went
to the last mission at the board of Space Shuttle Atlantis -
Alexei Leonov - the first human to conduct extravehicular activity
(EVA), exiting the capsule during the Voskhod 2 mission for a 12-minute
spacewalk. Leonov was also a participant of Soyuz-Apollo mission in
1975. Ulf Merbold - first ESA astronaut in Space. He made his spaceflight at
the board of Space Shuttle Columbia - STS-9 in the period of 28th of
November till 8th of December 1983. Valentina Tereshkova - the first woman
to have flown in space. She began her spaceflight on 16th of June 1963 at the
board of Voskhod 6. It took 2 days 22 hours 50 minutes and 8 seconds.
Armstrong - Apollo 11 mission commander. The first person to walk on the
Moon. Spoke the now-famous words, "That's one small step for a man, one giant
leap for mankind". This year we celebrate 50th anniversary of
Above the astronauts and cosmonauts one may see: Soyuz-Apollo
orbital complex (1975), first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 (1957), then
space probe Voyager 1 - currently furthest from Earth man-made object. It
was launched in 1977. It moves at speed 17,024 km/s, in the distance of
20 billion kilometers from Earth. The radio signal from the probe needs
18 hours to reach Earth.
On the right of the picture one may see Soyuz
TMA-19M docked at the ISS. The russian spacevehicles are currently basic
means of transport of people and goods onboard the ISS after the withdrawal
from service US space ferries. Below the photo of Yuri Gagarin there is a
logo of Southwest State University in Kursk (Russia). It is one of the best
russian universities which is going to celebrate 50th anniversary of origin
soon. Students of this university, future engineers, built "Tanusha"
satellites and participated in other space experiments.
transmissions from the International Space Station are possible thank to
involvment of many people - ARISS volunteers from around the world.